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Blocking the Train

Blocking the Train for the workers' wages to pay the Duterte regime's Train Law. They dismiss it, while fighting against contract...

Blocking the Train
for the workers' wages to pay the Duterte regime's Train Law. They dismiss it, while fighting against contractualization and having a national minimum wage.

they're just buying kinks. "

Aling Nene weekly purchases the Tandang Sora market in Quezon City. He is cooking at home for a family, but also cooking for co-workers at an NGO office in Quezon City. Like many who are stingy, he is concerned about the rise in prices of foodstuffs in January this year.

"Pork has reached P220. The ones that grow, vegetables, "said Aling Nene. It was once considered a diet of poor-vegetables and fish like a snake-he noticed a big lift.

It is easy to realize the cause of the increases. Oil products have increased since January this year. Petroleum, estimated at P8 per liter of extra price was lifted. Deisel and kerosene increased by P2.50 to P3 per liter. LPG increased by a peso per liter.

Therefore, Aling Nene noted that those who spend less on the budget are more likely to buy a spinach-worth P10. "The zucchini is too big. Likewise, the pineapple. "Of course, the oldest more expensive vegetables like broccoli were also appreciated.

Train Assault

The culprit, of course, is the completion of the excise tax (or tax on the production of products) ordered by the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (Train) Law, or the Republic Act No. 10963.

Except for excise tax on oil, Train Law also imposes excise tax on sugar products and high fructose corn syrup (such as softdrinks and other sweet drinks). It also imposes an additional tax on estate, donor and documentary stamp tax. In the meantime, the tax exemption was reduced to P250,000 per year (or P20,833 less than a month).

The Makabayan bloc has previously revealed the Duterte administration's rampage in Congress processes (such as the quorum's presence or simple majority of the polls) to pass the Train Law in December 2017. It adds to the suspicion of citizens not willing to debate the administration Train because it has a strong impact on the people-the price of commodities.

Due to public disrespectfulness, the students' organization, sponsored by UP Praxis at the University of the Philippines (UP) Diliman by the Law on Train Law, recently sponsored. In this forum, the Department of Finance (DOF) has been a major advocate of the Train Law, in support of Duterte's course-to explain.

Only a technical assistant to the undersecretary arrived. A Jayson Lopez spoke, and he described the prices of commodities as "moderate" or modest. He added that workers will be able to easily increase this increase because "90 percent of minimum wage earners" will be able to return a larger take home pay made by exemption or lower income tax.

He said this was fine, because the replacement was an extra budget for "social services." Featured on the services provided: the Build! Build! Build! of the Duterte regime, or the planned construction of large infrastructure such as additional roads, railway systems, airports, and so on.


In such a forum, Sonny Africa, the executive director of the Ibon Foundation, has denied the DOF representative.

(The Ibon Foundation is a well-known independent institution that closely examines political and economic issues from the point of view of the ordinary citizens.)

First of all, Africa, it is clear that the effects of extra-commodity prices on ordinary citizens are not moderate or moderate. "In the rich, for example, P1,000 does not cost him. But it's hard (it's so heavy), "she said. The basic problem of Train Law, Africa, is that it does not depend on the actual realities of the Philippines-where the majority of citizens are suffering, unemployed or even low-income or unemployed.

Jerome Adonis, general secretary of the Kilusang Mayo Uno (KMU), was convicted of this. In the same forum, he said in a clear statement in 2017 on the country's labor force that most Filipino workers are suffering from the lack of Train Law.

"In data of 2017, labor force is 61.1 million. In it, 38 million are employed. With the employed, 24.6 million are all contractual, "said Adonis.

Of the employed workers, it is estimated that at least 46 percent wage minimum wage: ranging from P255 per day (for agricultural workers) to Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao or ARMM (with the lowest), up to P512 per day (for to nonagricultural workers) in the National Capital Region or NCR (with the highest).

"54 percent do not have the minimum wage," Adonis added. "And most (firms), even minimum wage, vina-violate."

Even though workers who pay P250,000 per year down (obviously, this is the majority), obviously, the minimum wage is minimal in the daily needs of the workers.

"Most of the workers, tenants (the house)," explains Adonis. So, let's say that a worker is earning a minimum wage and has a family of P2,000 per month. "Monthly payments: water, let's say P300. With electricity P500. "

In the diet, let's say to the six-member family, I do not know if it's acceptable to P100 per head per day, "she said. Therefore, at P600 per day, the cost is 30 days or over P18,000 per month. "Clearly, the minimum wage is P512 per day or P13,312 (wages of 26 days a month ).

There is no cost to fares, social service costs such as child education.

"So, many of the workers, they have their ATM cards," Adonis said.

"We talked here with no Train Law yet," he said. "'It also explains why many of the workers, children do not teach. And if someone gets ill, they can not get it. malnourished children. "

Not in service

But the DOF says, the Train Law is for the social services of the people. Is this true?

Africa denies it. "In the 2018 (General Appropriations Act, or the annual government budget), the highest increase is in the infrastructure. Did they say that for the social services the Train had 69 percent of the housing budget reduced? (Reaching) Only 5.2 percent were raised in social welfare similar to last year? (Reaching) Only 6 percent increase in education-mainly for wages and not on expanding our schools? (Reaching) Only health 9 percent? "
In fact, Africa said, the P1.5-Million public health budget has been reduced. The preventive health program was terminated by P16.7-M.

Also notice Build programs! Build! Build! of the Duterte regime. The flagship infrastructure program centers in the formerly rich provinces, Africa, and not in the poorest provinces.

"Going out," he says, "what you pay for these projects (poor) does not benefit from it."

It is therefore clear that not for the workers and the poor can be collected from the Train Law. On the other hand, due to lower income tax bill due to this law, income-generating income in men-or wealthy.

Obviously, Africa said, the Train Law was created to facilitate the collection of government tax on the poor. "We see a shift from direct income taxes to consumption taxes (or taxes on expenditures). The government and legislators are afraid to raise the tax of the rich. They can also be taxed personally, and their backers (in the ruling class), will not come to the next election (if they will be taxed. "

But the increase in the tax on those who have the greatest wealth from the ruling class should be done by the government, Africa said.

Taxes are rich 

If so, then, he said: "What if the richest 150,000 families will be taxed in the country? If they earn at least 20 percent of their annual income, the government will earn P71-Billion. If the next 171,000 wealthy families will pay 10 percent, the government will get an additional P20-B. "

If only 321,000 richest families in the country are taxed at 10-20 percent, the government will get more than P90-B. It will be much bigger than the Train, "said Africa.

The basic principle here is: lease the property.

"All government or State, it's really a tax. Any government-whether the New People's Army, the NDF (National Democratic Front) or the MILF (Moro Islamic Liberation Front) in the countryside, or even the Philippine government, you need a tax for the operation. But if you will be taxed, based on the realities of the Philippines. "

He said the tax would only be taxed on its citizens. The problem is, whether those who are poor-with a small wage or little or no livelihood-are still taxing. Meanwhile, the richest in the country, benefit from the reduction of the collected income tax.

Adonis said that because of the Train Law, the fight for national minimum wage is increasingly important today-or having equal national minimum wage across the country. This means raising workers' wages across the country-as well as the basic needs of workers and their families, both in the countryside and in the city.

KMU will also cite insist on contractual contractualization in the country, which will directly attack the rights of workers to assert their rights.

This is a crucial step, as the continuing expectation of rising commodity prices is expected. Because if the workers are united and will fight, it will not be far from time to time, but their wages will not be enough.

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